The #MeToo movement began two years ago today (October 15), when actress Alyssa Milano took to twitter to share her personal experience of sexual assault in the Hollywood film industry.
The Charmed actress’ tweet was posted in the wake of a large number of sexual assault and harassment allegations against numerous high-profile stars of the silver screen.
Milano also used the platform to encourage other survivors of sexual abuse to share their stories, with the aim of highlighting the scale of the problem and raising awareness for the victims.
Amongst those named during the scandal includes former American film producer, Harvey Weinstein, and Death of a Salesman actor, Dustin Hoffman. Both Hoffman and Weinstein deny the allegations of sexual misconduct.
Over the last two years, the #MeToo campaign has gone on to reach social media users in over 100 countries and the hashtag has been used more than 30 million times so far.
A number of high-profile figures also came forward about their own experiences of sexual abuse and harassment, including Lady Gaga, Gwyneth Paltrow, Uma Thurman and Ellen DeGeneres.
However, despite the surge in media attention thanks to the #MeToo movement, a new report published by Rape Crisis UK suggests that in 2018, conviction rates for rape were still far lower than any other crime.
The study found that last year, only 1.3% of reported rape cases ended in a conviction for the perpetrator. This number is down from just under 4% during the year before.